- no emissions at the point of use (in addition - for France - low emissions in production)
- 100% efficient at the point of use: electricity as an energy carrier can be fully converted to heat
- safety: electricity has an impressive safety track record
- simplicity, maintenance-free: electric heating systems have a long lifetime and do not need annual maintenance
- ease of use, comfortable, clean
- easy to control, flexible: electrons can be used to control electrons. Heat can be controlled to be issued exactly at the point where needed, in the quantity needed.
Comments:Obviously, there is no worse method than electric heating for poorly insulated dwellings in a cold climate using a carbon-intensive electricity system. However, this situation applies only to a small fraction of dwellings in Europe. Apart from this, a few other observations can be made:
- Electric heating and insulation go hand in hand. Dwellings are usually built with a fixed budget, without margin for the owner. The cost reduction of the heating system can be invested in good insulation, and ventilation.
- (Electric) heat can be stored with 95% efficiency, compared to 50% for hydrogen, and 70-85% for batteries. In this way, electric heat can assist deep penetration of intermittent renewables.
- Electric heating allows to serve all energy services in a dwelling with a single energ carrier.
- Modern power stations can convert up to 60% of the primary energy content of fossil fuel into electricity.
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